Thursday, September 3, 2009


1. Pronunciation: \ˌrü-mə-ˈnā-shən\
: the act or process of ruminating:
a: the act or process of regurgitating and chewing again previously swallowed food b: obsessive or abnormal reflection upon an idea or deliberation over a choice

2. Definition:
Rumination is a process that involves deeply reflecting on a situation. When rumination becomes difficult to control, it can lead to negative psychological effects including depression and phobias. The inability to stop ruminating on a particular thought is a hallmark of obsession.

Pronunciation: room-in-nation

3. Rumination (recyclic negative thinking), is now recognised as important in the development, maintenance and relapse of recurrence of depression. For instance, rumination has been found to elevate, perpetuate and exacerbate depressed mood, predict future episodes of depression, and delay recovery during cognitive therapy.

4. Depressive Rumination: Nature, Theory and Treatment

A relatively new theory in psychology, depressive rumination involves the cyclic depressive state of constant rumination, or mulling over thoughts. The word "ruminate" is derived from the Latin word for "chewing cud," so to ruminate means to mull over different thoughts in a negative cycle, causing a depressive state once the rumination begins.

Since rumination is based on cyclic negative thought, rumination begins to affect a person's ability to problem-solve, adding to a depressive rut. Less able to problem-solve, individuals begin to lose confidence in their solutions and themselves, increasing the depression associated with the rumination.

    1. Typically, people affected by depressive rumination have had a past trauma. They exhibit neurotic or perfectionistic personality traits, hope that they will gain some insight from the rumination and believe that there are uncontrollable and chronic stressors that trigger events. Most individuals who ruminate have lost family members to terminal illness or survived tremendously stressful events.

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